Windows 10 has presented quite a few changes to its objectives as an operating system since it became available. Leaving aside the separate discussion of its inconvenient updates, let’s talk about the several different types of standard Windows 10 operating systems and how each can be utilized in a different environment.
Windows 10 Home: This is the standard issue of Windows 10. It is designed for the typical personal user that isn’t a company or work-related computer. It contains all of the features necessary to carry out any task needed for a regular user.
Windows 10 Pro: The Pro version of Windows 10 is the same as the Home version, but with a few additional necessities required for being on a company’s network, domain, or remoting into another computer. These features are: file encryption, group policy, additional access features, domain joining, remote desktop, and Hyper-V. Windows is also planning on releasing an “Ultimate” mode for Pro users that throws out power management to eliminate “micro latencies.”
Windows 10 S: Windows 10 S was initially designed to be competitive with devices like a “chromebook” where the Operating system infrastructure is very minimal and light. It’s focused on speed, battery life, and runs well on lower-performing computers as well because isn’t as demanding on the hardware. The only problem is that you are limited to downloading and installing applications from the Windows store. This greatly reduces your abilities to install programs, so that is really the ultimate trade-off.
Recently, Windows 10 S (Home and Pro) has been revised and is now a “mode” that can be changed to Win10 Home for free and to Win10 Pro for a small charge. It was also recently upgraded to include a password-free sign-in experience where you can unlock the computer through an authentication app on your phone.
Windows 10 Enterprise: This version of Windows is an upgrade from Windows 10 Pro and designed specifically for medium to large businesses. It comes with the ability for employers to manage employees’ PC’s, contains more security features, access to ‘Windows update for Business’, and access to Long Term Servicing Branch (LTSB).
Windows 10 Education: Similar to Enterprise being an upgrade from Pro, Windows 10 Education is an upgrade from the “Home” version. Still building upon the security and update foundation from Enterprise, Education focuses on providing tools for students, teachers, and administrators including a variety of Education applications.
Your objectives and environment will dictate what version of Windows you will need, but ultimately, the Operating System version that is widely used and usually more than enough in nearly all circumstances would be Windows 10 Pro.
…But if you can, use Windows 7!